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Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg

Place: St. Petersburg, Rabbit Island, Peter and Paul Fortress, 3

The nearest subway's stations: Gorkovskaya, Sportivnaya

Hours to visit: entry into the territory is available daily from 06:00 to 22:00. Peter and Paul Fortress and the Cathedral is open daily from 10:00 to 19:00.

Ticket price: adults - 450 rubles; Pupils and students - 250 rubles; pensioners - 200 rubles.

Ticket price to prison of Fortress: adults - 200 rubles; Pupils and students - 120 rubles; pensioners - 120 rubles.

Phone for info: +7-812-230-64-31

Description of the Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress - the first landmark of St. Petersburg. Fortress is located on Hare Island in front of the Palace Embankment from the southern shore of the fortress offers a panoramic view of the Neva River and the main sights of St. Petersburg.

The photo. Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg.

The photo. Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg.

The photograph shows a view directly to the three attractions of St. Petersburg. In the foreground is photographed with the Peter and Paul Fortress steeple stretching into the sky Peter and Paul Cathedral and a small built nearby - Grand Ducal Burial Vault Imperial family. Close to the walls of the fortress adjacent public beach available to attend all absolutely free. The third attraction of St Petersburg in this photo - the river Neva.

The photo. Peter and Paul Cathedral in the fortress.

The photo. Peter and Paul Cathedral in the fortress.

Peter and Paul Fortress was founded May 16, 1703 in the delta of the Neva River. The first name of the fortress - the fortress of Saint Peter - St. Peter-Burj. The fortress was built under the direction of Emperor Peter the Great, and was intended to protect Russian lands from attacks by foreign armies.

The photo. Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg attractions constellation.

The photo. Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg attractions constellation.

Above is a photo of popular attractions of St Petersburg, adjacent to the Neva embankment. On the right you can see the castle just behind two towering buildings - this is one of the two Rostral Columns Spit of Vasilyevsky Island, just to the left of it - five-storey tower of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of Saint Petersburg - the Kunstkammer.

On the horizon you can see the Palace Bridge, which connects the center of Vasilevsky Island in St. Petersburg. To the left one can see such sights of St. Petersburg, as the Marble Palace, the Winter Palace, the gilded dome of St. Isaac's Cathedral and the Admiralty spire with a barely noticeable Russian flag.

Earthmoving fortress walls were built by the end of 1703. According to the rules of fortification art at the corners of the fortress were built bastions - reinforcing buildings, connected by walls - curtains. Peter and Paul Fortress is also erected on the west and east side ravelins. Ravelin need to protect the Sovereign and Menshikov bastion and the curtain of Peter and Peter's gate.

To protect the fortress Kronverk was built, its shape resembles a crown, made in the form of earthen ramparts and moat zoster. In the spring of 1706 a serious strengthening of fortress engaged Swiss architect - Domenico Trezzini. Under its clear leadership of earthen walls of the fortress were rebuilt in stone. Thus, the Peter and Paul Fortress was surrounded by a granite wall around the perimeter kronverka.

The photo. Peter and Paul Fortress on the part of the Petrograd Side.

The photo. Peter and Paul Fortress on the part of the Petrograd Side.

Peter and Paul Cathedral

Peter and Paul Cathedral was built in 1712 by architect Domenico Trezzini. During the life of Peter the Great bell tower was built only with high gilded spire. By the name of the cathedral and the name of the fortress was given. The height of the spire of Peter and Paul Cathedral - 122.5 meters. Peter and Paul Cathedral and the complex of buildings of Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, has an important historical and cultural value.

The photo. Peter and Paul Cathedral inside.

The photo. Peter and Paul Cathedral inside.

During the reign of Tsar Peter I and Paul fortress it was in 1718 Peter's Gate (architect - Domenico Trezzini) for the solemn passage underneath the winners, and stone defensive bastions, named in honor of dignitaries, closely monitor their construction.

The photo. Peter's gates in the fortress.

The photo. Peter's gates in the fortress.

Peter and Paul Cathedral - a Grand Ducal Burial Vault since Peter the Great to Nicholas II. The following are the Russian emperors and empresses, buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral. In parentheses are the years of death.

  • Peter the Great (1725);
  • Anna Ivanovna (1740);
  • Paul I (1801);
  • Alexander I (1825);
  • Nicholas I (1855);
  • Alexander II (1881);
  • Alexander III (1894);
  • Nicholas II (1914);
  • Maria Feodorovna (1928).

The photo. Peter and Paul Cathedral inside.

The photo. Peter and Paul Cathedral inside.

From 1730 there was a tradition preserved until now since 1873, to make the midday shot with Naryshkin bastion. The defensive ability of the fortress has never been tested in battle, it is possible, in view of its equipment of the latest technology, including tools 50-60 units. Later, Peter and Paul Fortress was used as the main Russian political prisons. Famous prisoners of the prison fortress: the son of Peter I, the philosopher-utopian NG Chernyshevsky, the writer Maxim Gorky and many others the People.

The photo. The prison of the Turkish bastion of Peter and Paul Fortress.

The photo. The prison of the Turkish bastion of Peter and Paul Fortress.

In 1806, the walls of the fortress began to be placed Mint used for minting coins, memorabilia and commemorative signs, decorations and various products from metals and alloys. C 1924 Peter and Paul Fortress - a Museum of the History of St. Petersburg.

On the south side of the Hare Island is the long sandy beach, numerous restaurants and catering chains.

The nearest sights: Winter Palace, Summer Garden

 
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